3 edition of Bering Sea ecosystem found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 260-303).
|Statement||Committee on the Bering Sea Ecosystem, Polar Research Board, Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources, National Research Council.|
|Contributions||National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Bering Sea Ecosystem.|
|LC Classifications||QH541.5.S3 B38 1996|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||x, 307 p. :|
|Number of Pages||307|
|LC Control Number||95071100|
Water from the North Pacific Ocean, rich in plant nutrients, flows northward over the shallow continental shelf, through the Bering Strait, and over the Chukchi Sea Shelf into the Arctic Ocean. NSF is committed to this principle of diversity and deems it central to the programs, projects, and activities it considers and supports. The Foundation accounts for about one-fourth of Federal support to academic institutions for basic research. The Foundation also supports cooperative research between universities and industry, US participation in international scientific and engineering efforts, and educational activities at every academic level. The spectacular phytoplankton bloomwhich follows the retreating ice edge, is a major event in April or May Alexander and Niebauer, ; Hunt and Stabeno,
In all cases, after programmatic approval has been obtained, the proposals recommended for funding will be forwarded to the Division of Grants and Agreements for review of business, financial, and policy implications and the processing and issuance of a grant or other agreement. The interval ends when the Division Director accepts the Program Officer's recommendation. We have learned that there are dramatic changes in physical conditions, driven by atmospheric processes, which result in major biological changes. These plans should cover how and where these materials will be stored, at reasonable cost, and how access will be provided to other researchers, at their cost.
Warming ocean temperaturesArctic sea ice declineand increasing ship traffic all threaten the subsistence practices and food security of these communities. In addition, MyNSF formerly the Custom News Service is an information-delivery system designed to keep potential proposers and other interested parties apprised of new NSF funding opportunities and publications, important changes in proposal and award policies and procedures, and upcoming NSF Regional Grants Conferences. Figure 1. Any service data collected will be quality-controlled and made available to interested participants in the coordinated program supported by NSF and NPRB within 6 months of collection. The shelf is divided into a number of domains, separated by oceanic frontal systems, and each domain has distinct characteristics.
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Because of this uncertainty, and quite some time before the fishery restrictions but after the sea lions and some other mammals and birds had been declining, the National Research Council NRC was asked by the State Department of advice on this problem, and in about it produced a report called The Bering Sea Ecosystem see report.
If an eBook is available, you'll see the option to purchase it on the book page. On the one hand, the Endangered Species Act makes it clear that if human activities are jeopardizing an endangered species, they should be stopped or altered. Representative Rodgers has been an advocate of energy production on federal property.
To what extent will it enhance the infrastructure for research and education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and partnerships?
Further information concerning environmental issues is provided below under the heading 'Environmental Policy Considerations of Fieldwork'. Walruses in the northern Bering Sea. Reviewers will be asked to formulate a recommendation to either support or decline each proposal.
Subscribers are informed through e-mail or the user's Web browser each time new publications are issued that match their identified interests. So we will continue to do our best to understand and manage our exploitation of the Bering Sea ecosystem and hope for improvements.
How well qualified is the proposer individual or team to conduct the project? Once registered, the applicant's organization can then apply for any federal grant on the Grants.
Failure to provide the required annual or final project reports will delay NSF review and processing of any future funding increments as well as any pending proposals for that PI. Hunt, G. For an examination of some of the current thinking on these events, see Hunt and Stabeno Today, the Bering Sea pollock fishery is the largest single species fishery in the world, providing a substantial proportion of the annual fish catch of the United States.
The AOR must then sign and submit the application to Grants. At that time, the Bering Sea became warmer and there was less ice cover than previously; other changes happened as well.
Measures taken to address the declines have necessarily been restrictive on the fishing industry, given the uncertainty about the causes. PIs should examine the formats of the required reports in advance to assure availability of required data. See the annually updated Arctic Report Card The Bering Sea in the western Arctic is showing indications that Arctic species which require the presence of sea ice are being replaced by sub-Arctic species that don't require sea ice.
Sperm whales were almost eliminated from the area, and some other whales were heavily exploited as well, and fish were heavily exploited. In addition, MyNSF formerly the Custom News Service is an information-delivery system designed to keep potential proposers and other interested parties apprised of new NSF funding opportunities and publications, important changes in proposal and award policies and procedures, and upcoming NSF Regional Grants Conferences.
PIs will not be required to re-enter information previously provided, either with a proposal or in earlier updates using the electronic system. The Kamchatka Current, along the west side of the basin. Napp, R. Although equatorial controlled, these affect the subarctic seas through telecommunication, and as will be shown below, the El Nino had a major impact on the southeast Bering Sea.
Non-compliance with data policies will be considered justification for withholding incremental funding. A long record of carbon isotopeswhich is reflective of primary production trends of the Bering Sea, exists from historical samples of bowhead whale baleen.
Along with these dramatic oceanic changes, there have been large changes at the top predator levels. A Principal Investigator or organization that makes financial or personnel commitments in the absence of a grant or cooperative agreement signed by the NSF Grants and Agreements Officer does so at their own risk.
Specific questions related to this program solicitation should be referred to the NSF program staff contact s listed in Section VIII of this funding opportunity. That report concluded that many factors were affecting the Bering Sea ecosystem and that it was very difficult to know for sure what was causing the declines, but perhaps the most scenario was the following.
Since that time, we have been faced with declines of some species of mammalsfur seals, Steller sea lions and, recently sea otters.The eastern Bering Sea (EBS) slope is an abrupt, sinuous seafloor feature, ranging approximately km in length from Bering Canyon in US waters to the Vityaz Sea Valley in Russian waters ().Depths to the east of the slope on the Bering Sea shelf are shallow (~ m), depths to the west of the slope in the Aleutian Basin are deep (> m), and numerous canyons, some of which are the largest Cited by: 2.
This BSOSM welcomed topics within the broad scope of the Bering Sea Project - to "understand the impacts of climate change and dynamic sea ice cover on the eastern Bering Sea ecosystem" - as well as related work from other research programs or other subarctic regions.
For Ilarion and the Aleut people, the Bering Sea is an intimate part of the community, an essential part of life; they have lived together for 10, years. The Bering Sea ecosystem is undergoing extensive changes that threaten the health of the ecosystem and the communities that depend on.
Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. “We have never been here before” — Gay Sheffield I keep vigil. Scientists are warning of massive change to the Bering Sea ecosystem.
The most significant changes are the scarcity of sea ice. The book examines the Bering Sea ecosystem's dynamics and the relationship between man and the ecosystem, in order to identify potential reasons for the population fluctuations as well as identify ways the Sea's living resources can be better managed by government.